Hardware and Software Security
There are basically two major types of computer security software and hardware security with a number of other categories within them. Software security usually consists of server or desktop protection and security, system security from viruses and other malicious software programs, and data security through theft prevention and safe computer practices. Hardware security usually consists of physical devices, including server, desktop computers, and external or portable memory and storage devices including CD/DVD roms.
Most types of computer security practices can easily be viewed as either software or hardware security. Software security refers to ways in which attacks can be launched on data streams and software, without physical interaction of different devices or hardware. One of the most important security measures for many businesses is network and server security. This usually refers to the ways in which a business protects and secures its networks and any Internet services it may offer, including commercial sites and private data storage.
Other security concerns involving software include issues with malicious programs, such as viruses or malware. These programs can get onto a system and remain unseen, causing damage to data, providing intruders with access to remote systems, and otherwise creating problems for businesses and private individuals. Data theft is also a serious security consideration for many companies and individuals, as this can result in loss of information that can be used for identity theft and the compromise of corporate secrets or private information.
Hardware security refers to practices regarding how physical devices and computer hardware are handled and overseen. The physical server that often house various networks and Internet websites can be damaged, resulting in loss of data, or they could be physically attacked in an effort to steal information directly from the system through data transfer between devices.
Many companies and individuals should also be aware regarding different types of computer security and physical theft. As computer technology improves, memory and data storage devices have become increasingly smaller. This means that someone can steal a single computer tower or laptop from a business or a person’s home and potentially obtain vast amounts of data and information that may be private or in hopes to be secure. Small data storage devices, such as flash drives, should also be protected, as someone may carelessly forget such a device at a public computer coffee shop and create a very real opportunity for data loss or theft.